If you have to exchange one country’s currency with that of other country’s currency, foreign currency exchange rates come into play. For example if you have to go to Britain for a vacation, you have to pay in British pounds or Euro for local shopping. You can browse https://www.ace-fx.com/exchange-rates to know more about the currency exchange in London.
For this you have to visit a bank for currency exchange. The banks will convert your currency to the currency you desire at the prevalent exchange rate. If for every $1000, you get GBP 568.344, then each dollar is worth 0.568344 GBP. This value keeps fluctuating and you may get different amount for same $1000 at different times.
Traders buy or sell currencies and take advantage of these fluctuations to make profit. At the time of retail customers also participate in the currency market mostly as speculators in the hope of making a profit due to rise and fall in value of the currency.
According to basic economics, if supply increases good, good prices will decline. Therefore, if the supply has increased the country’s currency, then we see that over that particular currency needed to buy other currencies.
Export companies: In the case of an export company located in the USA export goods to companies in France. The money it will receive from the French there would be no point in the United States. Therefore, the currency must be exchanged. US Export Company will now sell the Euro on the currency exchange market.
Foreign investors: This process also involves the exchange of currency. In foreign matters are planning to invest in your country, then he should get his currency is converted into local currency for investment (such as land and labor).